History of Brief History

Delhi, being the capital city of India, has seen the rise and fall of numerous powerful empires which have left behind a whole plethora of monuments that the story of grandeur and glory of bygone several ages. A city which traces its vast history to Mahabharata, the greatest epic tale of wars fought between the estranged cousins for the empire, the Kauravas and the Pandavas of Indraprastha.
\r\n Mughals ruled the capital city in succession begun from Qutab-ub-din to Khiljis, Tughlaqs . The city of Delhi had passed on to the hands of the British emperor in 1803 AD. It was only in the year 1911, when the capital of British empire was earlier shifted from Calcutta to the city, that Delhi got its current prestige.
\r\n After independence also, a kind of autonomy was actually conferred on the capital city but it largely stayed a chief commissioner's regime. In the year 1956, Delhi was then converted into a Union territory and later as the chief commissioner was swapped by a Lt. Governor. In the year 1991, the national capital territory Act was came into the parliament and amended successfully. After this, a whole system of diarchy was introduced under which, the chosen Government was given wide powers; except all the law and order which remained with the central Government. The actual enforcement of the legislation came into existence in the year 1993.
\r\n New Delhi, the capital of India, then sprawled over the western bank of the holy river Yamuna. And due to this, it is considered as the one of the fastest growing cities in India. It is surrounded by the three sides by Haryana state and to the eastern side of the state all across the holy river Yamuna by Uttar Pradesh.
\r\n Historically, the capital city has long since been the foremost in political significance with all the successive dynasties choosing it as their prime seat of full power, in between the 13th and the 17th centuries of that time. Remnants of the flourishing past that survived as important monuments in varied parts of the Delhi.
\r\n All the myriad faces of the city are highly fascinating. In some of the famous places, it remains a garden city, a beautiful tree lined and with beautiful parks, but in some other places it can also be very well crowded with huge traffic. Other major attractions are Turbaned Sikhs, vibrant colourfully dressed Rajasthani as well as Gujarati women who are working in the offices; Numerous Muslim shopkeepers who have their shops all along in Chandni Chowk, Old Delhi. Here the Tibetans and Ladakhis in the street stalls which is close to the Janpath also attract lots of travellers all across the country. Another attraction is Kashmiris in the handicraft emporia which is located nearby Connaught Place. All this add to the escalating cosmopolitan feel of the whole city.  

History of Brief History

Edwin Lutyens, the world famous architect, would have neverset his mind on designing New Delhi and the famed Connaught Place shopping centre in the heart of India’s capital, had it not been for the glorious past that it could boast of. The British Empire had termed India as the land" where the sun never sets" and to add flavour to this phrase Lutyen called his creation as the "Rome of Hindoostan"  Lutyen perhaps could have drawn inspiration from the Persian inscription on the ceiling of the Diwan-e-Khas (Hall of Nobles) at the glorious Red Fort which says" If there be a paradise on Earth; it is this, oh it is this, oh it is this". The couplet was rendered into such beautiful verse by the noted poet, Firdaus, in the court of the Mughal Emperor, Shahjahan. What could have made him weave such a magical extract must surely have been the trance and magnetism that the city of Delhi had for the lovers of good things.  As much as it can boast of its chequered present, Delhi has an equally if not better past. The ancient history of Delhi manifested in the landmarks and memorials still stands testimony to the present history. The times when the epic Mahabharata was written refers to Delhi as Indraprastha and was supposed to have been founded by the Pandavas in as early as 1450 B.C. whose remains have been excavated within the ramparts of the Old Fort (Purana Qila).  The Gupta and the Maurya dynasties, around 320 A.D. when India was known as the Golden Bird, were mesmerised by the elegant vistas of Delhi and made their presence felt for a long time while ruling from Indraprastha. This was followed by the Muslim Kings in the latter half of the 12th century and then by the slave Kings and the Khaljis who ruled for over a century and built a new capital Siri, in 1302 A.D. where today stands the imposing Siri Fort area and the Asian Games Village. After the Khaljis came the Tughlaks in the early 15th century who gave an additional impetus to the building activity in Indraprastha with the shaping of the Tughlakabad Fort built by Ghyias-ud-din Tughlak. This was not the end of the new revival initiated by the Tughlaks and was followed by the setting up of the cities of Jahanpanah( asylum of the world) and Firozabad (Kotla Ferozeshah) by the successors of Ghyias-ud-din.  The first Mughal conqueror and emperor , Babar, had a liking for Agra where he set up his capital, although his son, Humayun, returned to Delhi and built the Purana Qila as his fort and seat of governance. Then came the Suri dynasty wherein Sher Shah Suri opted yet again for Dilli as the capital which he built in 1542 A.D. And it had its epicentre as the very same Purana Qila. For the first time then the capital got its name Dilli, though some historians say that the brain behind giving this name was Raja Dillu who was supposed to have ruled in this area as far back as 100 B.C. Although the next Mughal emperor, Akbar, preferred to shift to Agra and Fathepur Sikri, his son, derived an affable penchant for Delhi and began work on building the historic Red Fort (Lal Qila) in 1638 A.D. Much before all this during the 11th century A.D., a Hindu King, Anangpal is said to have built the first city, Lal Kot and much after the Lodi dynasty was said to have been credited with the setting up of the sixth of the seven cities in the form of the Lodi tombs. The seven cities, each with a unique characteristic of its own were Lal Kot, Siri, Tughlakabad, the ruined fortress east of the imposing Qutab Minar. Tughlakabad was said to have become a ghost city 15 years after it was built following a supposed curse from the Sufi saint, Azam-ud-din. The other cities were Jahanpanah, Ferozeshah Kotla, Lodi Tombs and the Purana Qila.  In 1911, the British asked Lutyens to give a new meaning to city development which is reflected in the architectural designs and sophistication that buildings in New Delhi like Parliament House, Rashtrapati Bhavan, India Gate, Connaught Place and various administrative buildings like the South and North blocks along the breathtaking view available from Raj Path.  Modern Delhi has something for everyone and that is amply reflected in the cosmopolitan culture that nurtures festivals of all faiths and religions, places of worship. You can take a stroll at your own leisurely pace, or a jog or a run and move faster than the common man. This is also reflected in the market places, the dhabas and restaurants or the gorgeous five-star hotels. Theatre, drama and entertainment of all sorts including the best of discotheques are all there. Delhi is one city from where you can branch off to any corner of the country either by a well-connected system of railways or by road and air. The rest is for you to explore.